Flat Feet

Flat feet or Pes Planus are often referred to as pronated feet. They have a bad and unjustified reputation of causing pain, deformity and sporting ineptitude. In fact the vast majority of the population have flat feet and there are variations in foot morphology that are dependent on race. Children are meant to have a flat foot and as we grow the muscles and bone density and strength increase leading to an arch forming. Visa a versa as we age the muscles and ligaments weaken allowing the arch to flatten. Pain or limitation in function are the main reason for intervention and Mr Livingstone will assess you to provides and accurate diagnosis of your condition and the a patient specific treatment program.

High Arches

High Arches or Pes Cavus are essentially more rigid feet. Whilst the myth is that flat feet cause problems in fact out of the population with high arches 60{3a13968222b86cd3299d0da5deeb12e5010580e435f532d20a58811544d91dd7} of them report problems ranging from pain in the toe area to stress fractures. Increasing flexibility and shock absorption are the basic aims of treatment butMr Livingstone will assess you to provides and accurate diagnosis of your condition and the a patient specific treatment program.


A bunion is a non medical term and comes from the Latin for turnip, the more accurate term is Hallux abducto Valgus or Hallux Valgus. The visible bump actually reflects changes in the bony framework of the front part of the foot. The big toe leans toward the second toe,  producing the bunion’s “bump.”Even though bunions are a common foot deformity, there are misconceptions about them. Many people may unnecessarily suffer the pain of bunions for years before seeking help.

Bunions are a progressive disorder. They begin with a leaning of the big toe, gradually changing the angle of the bones over the years and slowly producing the characteristic bump, which becomes increasingly prominent. Hallux valgus has been said to occur in anything from 2 to 36{3a13968222b86cd3299d0da5deeb12e5010580e435f532d20a58811544d91dd7} of school children.

Bunions are not inherited, the mechanical structure of the foot is. Certain foot types are thought to make a person prone to developing a bunion, but in populations that do not wear shoes bunions are almost non existent.. Hypermobility or lax ligaments is a common finding and there is a strong association with Hallux valgus.

The treatment for tor your bunion is aimed at resolving pain and allowing normal activity and footwear. Mr Livingstone will advise on what to expect from both non surgical and surgical treatment for your problem.

Get in Touch

Please contact Mr Livingstone for advice and treatment.